The Global Bioeconomy Summit (GBS) is a high-level, biennial international conference. It has become the leading event with a format to globally review and discuss emerging opportunities and challenges of bioeconomy and develop visions for future development of sustainable bioeconomy among key actors from governments, science and innovation, business and civil society. The Summit has been initiated by the Bioeconomy Council of the Federal German Government in 2015. The summit links bioeconomy policy closely to global sustainable development and climate agendas.

In order to ensure the global spirit of the GBS an International Advisory Council on Global Bioeconomy (IAC) had been established for the first summit in 2015 and the IAC continues to serve. It unites bioeconomy policy drivers from all hemispheres and different fields of bioeconomy. While the GBS2015 defined bioeconomy holistically and as a strategy to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement, the GBS2018 focused on 14 key themes of global relevance for bioeconomy policy and highlighted opportunities for more intensified collaboration in macro-regions and globally.