1.2 Bioeconomy, climate action & biodiversity
The bioeconomy’s climate change mitigation potential is estimated at 2.5 billion tons of CO2 equivalent saved per year by 2030. This contribution to climate change mitigation occurs through CO2 sequestration and storage (forestry, ocean and sea metabolisms) and through the creation of low-CO2-producing value chains (bio-based products, production and uses). Bioeconomy can combine this with the regeneration of soil and the environment and with the valorization of rural, marginal and costal areas, creating new jobs and economic growth. It can also mitigate our dependence on fossil fuels. However, these measures are not sufficient for achieving a sustainable bioeconomy: there is also a need for innovative governance in order to reduce competitive drawbacks compared to fossil resources (enabling function) and in order to secure ecological, social, and economic sustainability requirements (limiting function). Further, the vulnerability of biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services in relation to climate change should be investigated and modelled across a range of climatic and ecological regions. This investigation should account for social, ecological and economic aspects, and for climate-change-relevant stressors and sources of uncertainty. The workshop should address the following key priorities:
- Modelling & monitoring bioeconomy impacts on biodiversity and climate changes
- Carbon capturing and fixation: agriculture, forestry, and ocean and sea contribution
- Climate-smart production and value chains (incl. environmental benefits of food and non-food bio-manufacturing)
- Certificate-trading systems and bioeconomy
Mohammed Ait Kadi, General Council of Agricultural Development Morocco
Ruben Echeverria, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
Fabio Fava, University of Bologna, Italy
Mohamed Ait Kadi is presently President of the General Council of Agricultural Development. This Council is a high-level policy Think Tank of the Moroccan Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Rural Development and Forestry. Mr. Ait Kadi is further a resident member of King Hassan II Academy of Sciences and Techniques. He has been a member of several boards including the Board of the Central Bank of Morocco, the CGIAR Consortium Board, IFPRI’s Board of Trustees and the Board of Advisors of the World Agricultural Forum.
Ruben G. Echeverría is a Sr. Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Director General Emeritus of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). He was Executive Director of the Science Council of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and worked at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in Washington, D.C. He currently chairs the Advisory Board of the Catalan Agricultural Research Institute (IRTA) and is a Research Fellow of the Latin American Center for Rural Development (RIMISP). Ruben studied Agronomy at the University of Uruguay (B.Sc.) and Agriculture and Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota (M.Sc. and Ph.D.).
Fabio Fava is Full Professor of “Industrial & Environmental Biotechnology” at the University of Bologna, Italy since 2005. He has about 170 papers on peer-reviewed international journals in the fields of Biowaste Biorefinery and Blue Biotechnology where he coordinated the FP7 projects NAMASTE and BIOCLEAN. He is the Italian Representative in the Working Party on “Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Converging Technologies" at OECD and at the European Commission in the: a) Horizon2020 Programming Committee “Food security, sustainable Agriculture and Forestry, Marine and Maritime and inland water research, and Bioeconomy”, b) “States Representatives Group” of the “Public Private Partnership BioBased Industry” (BBI JU), c) EuroMed GSOs BLUEMED WG.